Financial Management By The Decade: The 20’s
Posted on October 27, 2015 by Marie Engen
Your twenties are exciting years, full of big changes and all kinds of opportunities – finishing university or college, starting a full-time job, seeing a regular pay cheque for the first time. Maybe you’re moving into your own place. Or, perhaps you’ve been working for a while and you’re ready to start setting some financial goals.
If you start making the right financial decisions now, you’ll get a head start on the road to prosperity. The most important thing to remember is time is on your side – you just need a bit of discipline. To build a strong and stable future you need to lay the foundation now.
Live within your means
Managing your finances for the first time can seem overwhelming. You discover that the cost of living is expensive what with daily expenses, rent payments, food and entertainment. You might have a professional wardrobe to purchase. You likely have student loans and one or more credit cards with outstanding balances.
Saving for an incredibly distant retirement may not even be on your radar.
This is the age where you want to impress – treating your friends to dinner and drinks, inviting your buds to watch the game on your new 84” TV, driving a flashy sports car. You risk overspending on discretionary items and under saving for big-ticket purchases.
The major key to financial planning is to live within your means. Create a budget and keep track of your spending. See if you find any areas of overspending where you can cut back.
Start getting good value for your money. Evaluate every purchase and make sure what you buy is worth the expense.
Invest in yourself
These days you can’t rely on receiving a steady pay cheque every two weeks for thirty years, even in the most prestigious and well-paying professions. According to statistics, the average worker can now hold 10 different jobs between the ages of 18 and 36.
Instead, financial stability now comes from cultivating multiple sources of income, becoming more visible through networking, and developing marketable skills.
Hone your negotiating skills for your job interviews and practice asking for more money even if it feels awkward. Women especially often tend to take the first sum offered. Future raises are based on that initial conversation and can make a big difference over the course of your working lifetime.
When negotiating your salary don’t forget to consider benefits. Pensions and matching programs and various insurance benefits automatically increase the value of your salary package.
Avoid the debt trap
Many young adults get their first credit card as a student. Financial institutions make it easy to get credit and minimum payments are low. It doesn’t take long before your spending can spiral out of control. A typical university graduate carries a balance on one or more cards. Don’t get used to credit and running up consumer debt. It’s easy to live beyond your means. Be smart.
Your first step is to make a plan to tackle your debts logically. Pay your bills on time to avoid late fees and increased interest charges. If you can’t pay off your credit card balance every month, stop using it altogether.
Even student loans should be paid off as quickly as possible. Aim to have them paid within five to seven years.
Your ability to handle credit in your twenties can have a lifetime impact. You need to build up your credit history and earn a good credit score. Bad spending habits now can affect your future ability to get a car loan, mortgage, or even a job.
A credit card is pretty much essential since you need one to book a hotel room, rent a car, or buy things online. Compare cards to find the best deal for you. There’s no point in choosing a rewards card if you are carrying a large balance, choose a low interest rate card instead.
Savings: Start slow and start small
To be able to find money to save and invest within your tight budget may seem like an arduous task when earnings are low and needs are immediate, but young adults who don’t save are missing out on the powerful effects of compounding.
First make inroads into your debts and then set up a savings plan. Aim to build up a least one month’s worth of living expenses. Save for lump sum expenses throughout the year.
Make savings automatic whether your goal is short term or long term. We have a habit of underestimating small amounts. Even $50 a month will add up quickly.
Some employers offer RRSP or pension plans that automatically take the contribution right off your paycheque. Consider taking advantage of these plans if they are available, especially if there is any kind of matching done by your employer.
Become financially aware
Educate yourself about investing and financial products.
Do some research into your credit cards and bank accounts to see what fees you are paying and whether there are better options for you.
Protect yourself and your stuff. Look at disability insurance – at least workplace coverage, if available. Compare auto and home (or tenant’s) insurance rates and coverage. Don’t underinsure just to try and save some money.
What kind of investor are you? Aggressive? Risk-averse? Investing sites at many discount brokerages have online practice accounts where you can practice investing. You might start with mutual funds, ETFs or try your hand at stock picking to see what works for you. How well do you handle losing money? It’s better to find out now when your investing amounts are small and you have plenty of time to recover from any inevitable mistakes.
Books on finance for beginners:
Financial take away for your twenties: Manage your debt.